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Mars: the largest canyon in the Solar System imaged

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The Mars Express probe of the European Space Agency (ESA) has taken photos of Mars attesting to the depth of the largest canyon in the solar system . Exactly that of the Valles Marineris. A system of canals and valleys that is 4,000 km long, 200 km wide and 7 km deep. In practice, its peculiarity lies in being 10 times longer, 20 times wider and 5 times deeper than the American Grand Canyon.

Furthermore, the Valles Marineris system was formed differently from the Grand Canyon. It was created by the moving away of tectonic plates. A violent movement that has created a jagged background is what the photos taken by the probe show. The latter has been in orbit around Mars since 2003 to focus its attention on two deep valleys, Ius Chasma and Tithonium Chasma. They are located in the western part of Valles Marineris. The first has a length of 840 km, the second of 805.

The images show the characteristics of the surface of Mars . There are dark sand dunes of volcanic activity and wind-eroded mountain-like structures. Also small bumps formed by evaporated water and a recent landslide of the canyon wall. These images aren’t the only most curious recent images, there are also those recently taken on Mars by NASA’s Perseverance rover. An unexplored area of ​​Jezero Crater was photographed with a mysterious tangle of wires. For NASA it could be one of the remnants of the rover’s landing system itself. Maybe it got there because of the Martian wind.

 

 

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