A psychotic disorder similar to schizophrenia and which can be counted among the mood disorders. Early diagnosis and a suitable course of treatment are essential.
Within the category of psychotic disorders is schizophrenia . However, there are also other types of disorders: brief psychotic disorder, delusional, schizophreniform and schizoaffective disorder (schizophrenia). Let’s analyze the schizoaffective disorder. It is a disease with symptoms of schizophrenia. It begins with the onset of mood disorders (depression or bipolar disorder). These symptoms should occur for one month and followed by two weeks of schizophrenic symptoms only. So, so we can speak of a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder.
The causes of this disorder? They are the combination of several factors, especially on a biological basis and genetic components . We speak of a natural predisposition to the development of the disease. Schizoaffective disorder is rarer than schizophrenia and affects women more. It can appear in adulthood, but also in adolescence. Symptoms can present themselves in a strong way to negatively affect the progress of daily life, but they could also disappear and reappear later.
The consequences of schizoaffective disorder can lead to loss of contact with reality and tend towards asocial isolation. A late diagnosis carries negative consequences. Sometimes it can even lead to suicide. For a correct diagnosis it is necessary to do physical examinations to eliminate symptoms of other pathologies and to have the opinion of a psychiatrist. After confirming the diagnosis of the disorder, supportive therapy can be activated which may require the involvement of family members.
Therapeutic treatment usually involves the combination of psychotherapy and drug therapy . The first involves managing symptoms and decreasing social dysfunction. The second is drugs to relieve symptoms such as mood stabilization and the treatment of pathological relapses. Therapy changes depending on the severity of the symptoms of the disorder .
- The schizoafective disorder: how to deal with this psychotic disorder (ohga.it)